The overuse of antimicrobial medicine poses a profound threat to people worldwide due to its contribution to antibiotic resistance. In partnership with the World Health Organization, we conducted a study that compared the consumption of antimicrobial medications in various eastern European countries and the Balkans, aiming to inspire the implementation of antimicrobial drug surveillance and promote awareness of antibiotic resistance.

For this study, we completed a statistical analysis of each country represented in the study and followed the evolution of their respective trends in antimicrobial medicine usage both annually and over longer periods of time. With the data collected from these analyses, we further conducted cross-country comparisons for the specified subsets of metric data over the span of a few years.

Both within individual countries and cross-nationally, we were able to determine the most frequently used agents, relative consumption by choice of agent, total consumption of antibacterials for systemic use, total consumption of antibacterials by pharmaceutical subgroup, relative consumption by generation, relative consumption of specific antibiotics, and various other informing factors.